All About Agastache: Hummingbird Favorites For The Watwerwise Garden

Agastache neomexicana
New Mexico Hummingbird Mint (Agastache neomexicana)

by David Salman

How do you pronounce the Latin genus known as Agastache?  In Colorado and New Mexico, where we can grow a wide variety of these wonderful perennials, we generally say the name as A gas tä key, A gas tā key or A gas  key. I’ve also heard it spoken as A ga stash ē or A gas tash.  However, if you’re still not comfortable uttering the name in public, call these superb plants by one of their common names; hummingbird mint or hyssop.

Blue fortune agastache
Blue Fortune Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop)

The Blue Ones

In general, the blue flowered varieties are the more moisture tolerant of the two color groups. They are also a bit more tolerant of enriched soils. Of the entire genus ‘Blue Fortune’ and the Mid-Western species Agastache foeniculatum (Anise Hyssop) are the most reliably cold hardy.  This group of Agastache,are best for feeding butterflies and bees with their abundant nectar.

Agastache 'Ava' with Helianthus maximiliana 'Santa Fe'

Agastache 'Ava' with Helianthus maximiliana 'Santa Fe'

The Orange, Pinks and Red Ones

The species and hybrids of Southwestern origin (the large flowered orange, pink and red ones) are more sensitive than the Blue Ones, to cold, wet winter soils. So they are much more challenging to grow in USDA zone 5& 6, regions with rain and snow amounts in excess of about 25” or more per year.

Of course we gardeners love to push the boundaries when trying new plants. So to grow these incredible flowers in wet zones 5 and 6, I recommend planting them in a container garden or pot where they will thrive. Then you can treat them as an "annual" or bring them into a greenhouse, cold frame or cold sun room for the winter. They will be fine for 2 to 3 years in a pot.  In moister, warmer winter climates  such as Washington D.C.  (USDA zones 7) , the Southwestern species and hybrids are very happy as long as the soil drainage is excellent. NO CLAY!!

The orange, pink and red  Agastache are unsurpassed at attracting hummingbirds.  If you have them planted, the hummingbirds will find them!

 

 

The Secret to Cultivating Agastache

The important thing to remember about successfully growing the Hummingbirds Mints is “tough love.”

  • As a general rule, these plants like to grow in hot, dry conditions once established.
  • As for their soil, the “leaner” (less fertile) and more well drained, the better.  Stay away from rich loams and heavy clay.
  • Fertilize organically with a little quality compost and Yum Yum Mix in the fall.  Chemical fertilizers will push these plants too much and weaken their tolerance to cold.
  • Leave the stems standing over the winter months to increase cold hardiness. Cut back hard in mid-spring.
  • Mulching is only necessary in arid climates. Use crushed gravel, pine needles or crushed nut shells at a depth of 1 to 2 inches.

Agastache will act like annuals when grown in rich, fertile soils with too much water and fertilizer. They’ll grow and flower lushly but are most likely to perish over the winter.

Muhly Pink Flamingo with Agastache Ava

Muhly Pink Flamingo Grass with Agastache Ava

The Best Garden Tested Varieties

Many of the newer Agastache hybrids have had limited testing in outdoor growing conditions. Based on my extensive garden experience with these perennials in the Intermountain West, here are some of my top picks.

Agastache ‘Desert Sostice’ – A 2012 High Country Gardens exclusive introduction that I bred, this tough hybrid is a cross between the two best Southwestern species Agastache cana and A. rupestris.  A semi-dwarf grower, it has stunning flower spikes with pink and orange flowers and a strong, pleasing herbal scent.

Astastache ‘Ava’ - My best hybrid introduced through High Country Gardens in 2004. If this cultivar is a good fit for your growing conditions, it will be one of your showiest perennials. Blooming for many months beginning in mid-summer, the bright rose-red flowers and non-fading calyxes are stunning.

Agastache cana ‘Rosita’ – A High Country exclusive. A semi-dwarf form of the species, A. cana that I found some years ago grown from habitat collected seed from southern New Mexico. It has about 50% more bright rose-pink flowers (corollas) in the spike than is typical, so the flower spikes are particularly plump and full.  ‘Rosita’ has a most delicious sweet herbal fragrance too.

 

Shop Agastache 

  1. FlowerKisser™ Arizona Snow Agastache, Agastache urticifolia Arizona Snow

    FlowerKisser® Arizona Snow Agastache (Agastache urticifolia 'Alba') is a pure white flowered form of mountain hyssop, selected for its exceptional cold hardiness and nectar-rich flo...

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    FlowerKisser™ Arizona Snow Agastache FlowerKisser™ Arizona Snow Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop) Agastache urticifolia Arizona Snow
    Sale Price I Save 20%
    $12.99 Sale $10.39
    Per Plant - 5" Deep Pot
    FlowerKisser® Arizona Snow Agastache (Agastache urticifolia 'Alba') is a pure white flowered form of mountain hyssop, selected for its exceptional cold hardiness and nectar-rich flowers. Stunning flowers and fragrant foliage make this a must-have addition to attract native bees and butterflies. Its very upright growth habit make it a wonderful choice for the perennial border. Deer and rabbit resistant. A 2020 High Country Gardens Introduction.
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  2. 'Korean Zest' Agastache compact spikes of blue-violet flowers, Agastache rugosa

    ‘Korean Zest’ Agastache (Agastache rugosa), with its refreshing mint scented flowers and foliage, blooms all season and attracts an amazing number of bees and butterflies to its ...

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    Korean Zest Agastache Korean Zest Hummingbird Mint Agastache rugosa Korean Zest
    Sale Price I Save 20%
    $12.99 Sale $10.39
    Per Plant - 5" Deep Pot
    ‘Korean Zest’ Agastache (Agastache rugosa), with its refreshing mint scented flowers and foliage, blooms all season and attracts an amazing number of bees and butterflies to its compact spikes of blue-violet flowers. Long-lasting blooms from late spring to early fall make ‘Korean Zest’ a "must have" perennial in the pollinator garden. Aromatic foliage makes Agastache deer and rabbit resistant. Also known as Hummingbird Mint or Hyssop.
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  3. Pink and Orange and Silver Agastache rupestris, Agastache rupestris, Licorice Mint or Sunset Hyssop

    Agastache rupestris (Licorice Mint Hyssop) is one of the best, most durable species in the Agastache family. With smoky orange flowers held by lavender calyxes, the entire plant is s...

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    Agastache rupestris Licorice Hummingbird Mint (Sunset Hyssop) Agastache rupestris
    As low as $11.99 Sale $9.59
    Per Plant - 5" Deep Pot
    Agastache rupestris (Licorice Mint Hyssop) is one of the best, most durable species in the Agastache family. With smoky orange flowers held by lavender calyxes, the entire plant is scented like licorice and mint. A 1996 High Country Gardens introduction. Drought resistant/drought tolerant perennial plant (xeric).
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  4. Agastache rupestris Glowing Embers, Glowing Embers Licorice Mint Hyssop

    Agastache Glowing Embers is a fantastic selection of Licorice Mint Hyssop (Hummingbird Mint) with fragrant foliage and glowing orange-red tubular flowers that are a favorite with hum...

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    Glowing Embers® Agastache Glowing Embers® Licorice Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop) Agastache rupestris Glowing Embers®
    As low as $10.49 Sale $8.39
    Per Plant - 5" Deep Pot
    Agastache Glowing Embers is a fantastic selection of Licorice Mint Hyssop (Hummingbird Mint) with fragrant foliage and glowing orange-red tubular flowers that are a favorite with hummingbirds. Plant in containers to enjoy this plant in the eastern U.S. Exclusive. 24-26" tall x 24-28" wide.
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