All About Agastache: Hummingbird Favorites For The Watwerwise Garden

Agastache neomexicana
New Mexico Hummingbird Mint (Agastache neomexicana)

by David Salman

How do you pronounce the Latin genus known as Agastache?  In Colorado and New Mexico, where we can grow a wide variety of these wonderful perennials, we generally say the name as A gas tä key, A gas tā key or A gas  key. I’ve also heard it spoken as A ga stash ē or A gas tash.  However, if you’re still not comfortable uttering the name in public, call these superb plants by one of their common names; hummingbird mint or hyssop.

Blue fortune agastache
Blue Fortune Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop)

The Blue Ones

In general, the blue flowered varieties are the more moisture tolerant of the two color groups. They are also a bit more tolerant of enriched soils. Of the entire genus ‘Blue Fortune’ and the Mid-Western species Agastache foeniculatum (Anise Hyssop) are the most reliably cold hardy.  This group of Agastache,are best for feeding butterflies and bees with their abundant nectar.

Agastache 'Ava' with Helianthus maximiliana 'Santa Fe'

Agastache 'Ava' with Helianthus maximiliana 'Santa Fe'

The Orange, Pinks and Red Ones

The species and hybrids of Southwestern origin (the large flowered orange, pink and red ones) are more sensitive than the Blue Ones, to cold, wet winter soils. So they are much more challenging to grow in USDA zone 5& 6, regions with rain and snow amounts in excess of about 25” or more per year.

Of course we gardeners love to push the boundaries when trying new plants. So to grow these incredible flowers in wet zones 5 and 6, I recommend planting them in a container garden or pot where they will thrive. Then you can treat them as an "annual" or bring them into a greenhouse, cold frame or cold sun room for the winter. They will be fine for 2 to 3 years in a pot.  In moister, warmer winter climates  such as Washington D.C.  (USDA zones 7) , the Southwestern species and hybrids are very happy as long as the soil drainage is excellent. NO CLAY!!

The orange, pink and red  Agastache are unsurpassed at attracting hummingbirds.  If you have them planted, the hummingbirds will find them!

 

 

The Secret to Cultivating Agastache

The important thing to remember about successfully growing the Hummingbirds Mints is “tough love.”

  • As a general rule, these plants like to grow in hot, dry conditions once established.
  • As for their soil, the “leaner” (less fertile) and more well drained, the better.  Stay away from rich loams and heavy clay.
  • Fertilize organically with a little quality compost and Yum Yum Mix in the fall.  Chemical fertilizers will push these plants too much and weaken their tolerance to cold.
  • Leave the stems standing over the winter months to increase cold hardiness. Cut back hard in mid-spring.
  • Mulching is only necessary in arid climates. Use crushed gravel, pine needles or crushed nut shells at a depth of 1 to 2 inches.

Agastache will act like annuals when grown in rich, fertile soils with too much water and fertilizer. They’ll grow and flower lushly but are most likely to perish over the winter.

Muhly Pink Flamingo with Agastache Ava

Muhly Pink Flamingo Grass with Agastache Ava

The Best Garden Tested Varieties

Many of the newer Agastache hybrids have had limited testing in outdoor growing conditions. Based on my extensive garden experience with these perennials in the Intermountain West, here are some of my top picks.

Agastache ‘Desert Sostice’ – A 2012 High Country Gardens exclusive introduction that I bred, this tough hybrid is a cross between the two best Southwestern species Agastache cana and A. rupestris.  A semi-dwarf grower, it has stunning flower spikes with pink and orange flowers and a strong, pleasing herbal scent.

Astastache ‘Ava’ - My best hybrid introduced through High Country Gardens in 2004. If this cultivar is a good fit for your growing conditions, it will be one of your showiest perennials. Blooming for many months beginning in mid-summer, the bright rose-red flowers and non-fading calyxes are stunning.

Agastache cana ‘Rosita’ – A High Country exclusive. A semi-dwarf form of the species, A. cana that I found some years ago grown from habitat collected seed from southern New Mexico. It has about 50% more bright rose-pink flowers (corollas) in the spike than is typical, so the flower spikes are particularly plump and full.  ‘Rosita’ has a most delicious sweet herbal fragrance too.

 

Shop Agastache 

  1. Pink Agastache Ava

    Agastache Ava is one of High Country Gardens very best plant introductions, renowned for its tall spikes of deep rose-pink flowers held by raspberry-red calyxes. This vigorous hybrid...

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    Ava Agastache Ava's Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop) Agastache Ava
    As low as $11.99
    Per Plant - 5" Deep Pot
    Agastache Ava is one of High Country Gardens very best plant introductions, renowned for its tall spikes of deep rose-pink flowers held by raspberry-red calyxes. This vigorous hybrid Hummingbird Mint blooms for many months beginning in mid-summer. 2005 Plant of the Year.
    Learn More
  2. Red and Orange Agastache Coronado Red, Agastache Coronado Red, Coronado Red Hummingbird Mint

    Coronado Red® Hyssop (Agastache Pstessene Coronado® Red) is a distinctive selection of Hummingbird Mint with silver-green foliage and spikes of orange-red flowers. This Agastache p...

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    Coronado® Red Agastache Coronado® Red Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop) Agastache aurantiaca Pstessene
    As low as $10.99
    Per Plant - 5" Deep Pot
    Coronado Red® Hyssop (Agastache Pstessene Coronado® Red) is a distinctive selection of Hummingbird Mint with silver-green foliage and spikes of orange-red flowers. This Agastache plant has a very vertical habit and blooms beginning in mid-summer. A 2009 Plant Select winner. Drought resistant perennial plant (xeric).
    Learn More
  3. Pink Agastache cana Rosita, Agastache cana Rosita, Rosita Hummingbird Mint

    Rosita was selected for its smaller size and dense spikes of raspberry-red flowers (50% more flowers than the typical Agastache cana). It blooms for several months beginning in early...

    Learn More
    Rosita Agastache Rosita Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop) Agastache cana Rosita
    As low as $11.99
    Per Plant - 5" Deep Pot
    Rosita was selected for its smaller size and dense spikes of raspberry-red flowers (50% more flowers than the typical Agastache cana). It blooms for several months beginning in early to mid-summer. A High Country Gardens introduction.
    Learn More
  4. Agastache Blue Boa with Horses; Photo courtesy of TERRA NOVA® Nurseries, Inc. www.terranovanurseries.com

    Agastache 'Blue Boa' PP 24,050 (Blue Boa Hummingbird Mint) is a stunning hybrid variety that blooms for many months from mid-to-late summer with showy spikes of deep violet-blue flow...

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    Blue Boa Agastache Blue Boa Hummingbird Mint (Hyssop) Agastache Blue Boa PP#24,050
    As low as $11.99
    Per Plant - 5" Deep Pot
    Agastache 'Blue Boa' PP 24,050 (Blue Boa Hummingbird Mint) is a stunning hybrid variety that blooms for many months from mid-to-late summer with showy spikes of deep violet-blue flowers.
    Learn More

 

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