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High Country Gardens Statement On Neonicotinoids & GMOs

At High Country Gardens, we are pioneers in sustainable gardening. Our employees all care deeply about what we do and gardening’s connection to the environment is a critical element of the passion we bring to our work.

Like many of our customers, we have become more and more aware of and concerned about the potential link between neonicotinoids and the loss of pollinators, especially bees, as well as pollinating birds that rely on insects for food.

We have worked with all of our growers and suppliers to better understand if, how and why neonics are used in the production of any of our products. We can happily say that all of our perennials and wildflower seeds are neonicotinoid free.

david salman gardening
Our employees, including founder and chief horticulturist David Salman, all care deeply about gardening’s connection to the environment.

 What are Neonicotinoids?

Neonicotinoids are a class of insecticides that are chemically related to nicotine. They are systemic, meaning plants absorb them, and insects that consume the plant or elements of the plant such as its leaves or pollen, are susceptible to their effects. Although there are no conclusive studies, there is enough evidence that these insecticides may be adversely affecting pollinators that some countries have banned certain 'neonics' until they can be proven safe. The U.S. currently does not have such restrictions.


High Country Gardens is dedicated to environmentally responsible gardening practices. As such, we want to minimize the use of any and all chemicals and instead work in harmony with nature to produce results. Neonicotinoids were introduced to be a safer alternative to the previous generation of harsh insect-controlling chemicals. Now, research is driving the horticulture industry to find a better solution. At High Country Gardens, we are committed to being a part of that solution.

santa fe greenhouse
High Country Gardens is dedicated to environmentally-responsible gardening practices.

A Few Words About GMOs -- We don't use them and we oppose their use.




i. Historically in our plant production, neonicotinoids have only been used in reaction to combat specific pests, as opposed to proactively, as a matter of course. For instance, mealybugs have proven to be particularly difficult to eradicate. In the past, our cactus growers used spot application of neonicotinoids in their greenhouses (a controlled environment) to eliminate this pest.

ii. For a list of common home pesticides that contain neonicotinoids, check out the Center for Food Safety's Fact Sheet.

iii. For further reading, we recommend some of the excellent articles on the topic available at Scientific Beekeeping.