Durable Perennials for the Western Garden and Beyond
The United States is a huge country and includes a tremendous variety of regional ecosystems, each with distinct weather, climate, geology, soil types and elevation differences. There is often a “one size fits all” mindset when it comes to looking for perennials and other plants for our gardens and landscapes. And while there are a handful of perennial plants that have tremendous adaptability such as Daylilies (Hemerocallis), Hostas, Artemisia ‘Powis Castle’ (Sage) and some Old World Salvia (Sage), the smart, long term choice is to find regionally suitable perennials best suited to local growing conditions. And this is a good thing. A difference in regional plant palettes give our gardens and landscapes a sense of place that ties in with the area’s native vegetation and the look of our surroundings.
Plant Select®, a cooperative organization run by Colorado State University Dept. of Horticulture and Denver Botanic Gardens, is a plant introduction program that focuses on finding regionally suitable plants for the Intermountain West and Great Plains (the two primary ecosystems found in Colorado). Since the program was founded in 1996, Plant Select has introduced a tremendous number of outstanding plants, some of which have been grown successfully in other parts of the US as well.
A 2010 Plant Select® winner. A very showy perennial recently introduced from the Caucasus Mountains of western Asia, the plants have beautifully Liatris-like spikes of russet-red flowers in spring. It’s right at home in the xeric garden that thrives in a variety of soils types including clay. Plant it in full sun. A short-lived perennial, mulch it with small gravel mulch (to encourage the plant to re-seed itself) and leave some of the faded flower spikes when flowering is finished to allow the plant to ripen seed.
A 2015 Plant Select® winner, Chumby Silky Rock Jasmine is a wonderful late spring/early summer blooming perennial that flowers with clusters of fragrant pink flower with a yellow eye. This is a tough little plant from high in the Himalayas that likes moderate moisture and most any well-drained soil. The foliage makes furry gray-green rosettes that gently spread with strawberry-like red runners making it a superb groundcover for shady and morning sun (partial sun) locations in the garden.
A 2019 Plant Select® winner. This wonderful orange-flowering Ice Plant was discovered as a hybrid seedling in the Salt Lake City rock garden of John Stireman. Blooming in late spring with large, clear-orange-fading-to-rusty-orange flowers, the plant grows to form a low, tight mat of evergreen foliage. Like all the cold hardy Ice Plants, it should be grown in full sun in sandy to loam or clay-loam soil. While xeric, all Ice Plants like some summer irrigation if the rains are scant.
A 2019 Plant Select® winner and the 2006 High Country Gardens Plant of the Year. Silver Spike grass is an outstanding Old World species from the Alps of Europe grown for its very showy late spring display of silver-green flowering plumes. The seed heads age to tawny brown and hold on the plant into the fall. This xeric (waterwise) species is a cool season grower that is best grown in the Intermountain West where the summers aren’t too hot and humid and nights are cool. Introduced into cultivation in the US by Lauren Springer Ogden.
2005 Plant Select Winner. 24-36" tall x 18" wide. Furman's Red is one of the most cold hardy of the native Salvia greggii family. Blooming in late spring and again in the fall, the plant covers itself with bright red flowers that attract the hummingbirds from miles around. Sweetly aromatic foliage too. A 2005 Plant Select winner. Drought resistant/drought tolerant plant (xeric).
2001 Plant Select Winner 4-6" tall x 15-18" wide. Orange Carpet® is a vigorous perennial groundcover that blooms in mid- to late summer with a profusion of bright orange trumpet shaped flowers. Spreading with underground stems, this beauty is perfect for slopes and cascading over the edges of raised beds.
Coronado Red® Hyssop (Agastache Pstessene Coronado® Red) is a distinctive selection of Hummingbird Mint with silver-green foliage and spikes of orange-red flowers. This Agastache plant has a very vertical habit and blooms beginning in mid-summer. A 2009 Plant Select winner. Drought resistant perennial plant (xeric).
Chamaebatiaria millefolium (also known as Desert Sweet or Fernbush) is a beautiful native shrub that brightens the garden in mid-summer with big clusters of bright white flowers. It also has attractive dried seed heads and olive-green foliage. Drought resistant perennial plant (xeric).