A before and after of Rajesh J.'s Dallas, TX area homeA before and after of Rajesh J.'s Dallas, TX area home

A Q & A with High Country Gardens' customer Rajesh J.

How would you describe your garden?

I call it an English garden with a Texas twist. I would estimate it’s around 1000 square feet, about 80 feet long x 12-15 feet deep.

What inspired you to create it?

In the Dallas-Ft. Worth area, most people just have huge lawns—Bermuda grass or St. Augustine grass. They use sprinklers.

My water bills were a lot higher than my neighbors, so I decided to cut down on the water usage. I happened to stumble upon your website and picked up a few ideas there. Most of the plants are from High Country Gardens.

Before: Water Loving Bermuda Grass
Before: Water Loving Bermuda Grass
After: A Water-Thrify Perennial Garden
After: A Water-Thrify Perennial Garden

If someone wanted to create a similar transformation to their landscape, what advice would you give them?

Invest in good soil. We have clay here; people call it ‘black gumbo.’ It is highly alkaline. None of the plants would have survived if I hadn’t amended the soil. It’s a one-time investment. Follow good practices.

Learn about the plants before planting them. I lost a lot of plants that looked good in catalogs but weren’t suited for the conditions here.

If he could do it over?
If he could do it over? "I wouldn’t put in a lawn to start with," said Rajesh.
Rajesh J.'s freshly planted garden.
Rajesh J.'s freshly planted garden.

If you could do it over, is there anything you’d do differently?

I wouldn’t put in a lawn to start with. I should have just started with getting good soil and began from there. Instead of a regular sprinkler system, I would have put in a drip irrigation system at the start.

This is what I’d do in hindsight. As it was, I had to kill the grass that was there. I don’t like to use chemicals, but Bermuda grass is hard to kill, I had to use Roundup, three times. The best time to do it is when it is growing.

How long has the transformation taken you?

The first year, all my plants were from High Country Gardens; they were premium plants in 5-inch pots. I expected magic to happen, but some did not grow more than 10 inches that first year. I remember calling one of the HCG agents to ask, “What am I doing wrong?” She told me that I need to remember that perennials take some time—first they sleep, then they creep and then they leap. That’s what happened the third year—they came together. So you have to be patient.

The second year of growth, when the plants 'creep.'
The second year of growth, when the plants 'creep.'
The perennial garden in May with swaths of Catmint (Nepeta) in bloom.
The perennial garden in May with swaths of Catmint (Nepeta) in bloom.

What are your favorite plants?

Agastache is my favorite –I just like it because it is low maintenance, the hummingbirds love it, and the rabbits don’t eat it. My second favorite is penstemon. I also like salvia/sages and ornamental oreganos, because they are low maintenance and easy to grow.

Is there anything else you’d like to share about your garden?

The other thing I find satisfying and interesting and look forward to are the random plants that just start happening. For instance, the Salvia farinacea that is in the middle of the photo. I did not buy it and I did not plant it.

The same goes with one of the Agastaches. It showed up last year and I let it grow. It bloomed this year. Something crossed with it, similar to the ‘Desert Sunrise’ that I planted. It is pinker and has a different smell to it, with a hint of turpentine. The rabbits don’t bother it.

What benefits have you seen by creating this garden?

The biggest benefit I see is a lot of wildlife activity. Before I did this I never saw a hummingbird. Now they hang out nine months of the year and only go home for the winter.

We’ve got birds, bees, toads, frogs, an occasional snake or two, and lots of bunnies. At first, I would plant things that would be gone the next day, so I would look for rabbit resistant plants. Everything I plant is rabbit resistant or has a fragrance or smell that rabbits don’t like.

My backyard is shaded, so I have to follow a totally different strategy there, but overall, I try to use less pesticide and more organic fertilizer and create a better environment.

The Texas Parks & Wildlife Department has designated my yard as a certified backyard wildlife habitat.The program is affiliated with the National Wildlife Federation, where people can fill out paperwork, send photos in and get Texas Wildscape Certification.

To learn more visit: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/wildlife_diversity/wildscapes/best_of_texas_certification.phtml)

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Shown here: Salvia (pink, left), Balloon Flower (purple, left), Catmint/Nepeta (purple, right), Yarrow/Achillea (yellow), Hesperaloe (tall, background) and Apple Blossom Grass/Gaura (white, left)  Entire Plant List
Shown here: Salvia (pink, left), Balloon Flower (purple, left), Catmint/Nepeta (purple, right), Yarrow/Achillea (yellow), Hesperaloe (tall, background) and Apple Blossom Grass/Gaura (white, left) Entire Plant List


Entire Plant List


  • Mounding Rosemary
  • Agastache "Desert Sunrise"
  • Agastache "Blue Blazes"
  • Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii (Flame Acanthus)
  • Aquilegia species (Columbine) 'Swallowtail'(R)
  • Aquilegia (Columbine) Chrysantha
  • Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly milkweed)
  • Achillea 'Paprika'
  • Achillea 'Terracotta'
  • Achillea filipendulina 'Coronation Gold'
  • Artemisia abrotanum 'Tangerine'(Wormwood)
  • Clematis
  • Caryopteris cladonensis (Blue Mist Spirea)
  • Centranthus Ruber (Jupiter's Beard)
  • Chrysanthemum maximum (Shasta Daisy)
  • Coreopsis lanceolata 'Sterntaler'
  • Coreopsis grandiflora 'Early Sunrise' (Similar to Jethro Tull variety)
  • Echinacea pupurea
  • Geranium 'Rozanne' (Cranesbill)
  • Geranium 'Johnsons Blue' (Cranesbill)
  • Gladiolus
  • Guara Lindheimeri 'Cloud of Butterflies"
  • Guara Lindheimeri 'Pink Cloud"
  • Guara Lindheimeri 'Whirling Butterflies'
  • Hesperaloe parviflora (Red Yucca)
  • Iris
  • Kniphofia 'Wayside Flame'
  • Lantana
  • Lonicera sempervirens 'Major Wheeler'
  • Monarda hybrida Lambada (Bee Balm)
  • Nepeta "Walkers Low"
  • Nolina texana (Bear grass)
  • Nolina microcarpa (Bear grass)
  • Origanum 'Amethyst Falls'
  • Origanum Libanoticum
  • Origanum Rotkugel
  • Oenothera Macrocarpa
  • Oenothera missouriensis
  • Pavonia lasiopetala (Rock Rose)
  • Penstemon 'Red Riding Hood'
  • Penstemon mexicali 'Red Rocks'
  • Penstemon strictus (Rocky Mountain Beard tongue)
  • Perovskia atriplicifolia ‘Blue Spires’
  • Perovskia atriplicifolia 'Filigran'
  • Phlox 'Drummond'
  • Platycodon grandiflorus Mariesii (Balloon Flower)
  • Physostegia virginiana "Miss Manners" (Obedient Plant)
  • Poliomintha maderensis (Lavender Spice/Mexican Oregano)
  • Roses
  • Salvia farinacea 'Texas Violet'
  • Salvia greggii 'Black Cherry'
  • Salvia greggii 'Cherry'
  • Salvia greggii 'Maraschino'
  • Salvia nemorosa 'Marcus'
  • Salvia nemorosa 'May Night
  • Salvia greggii 'Raspberry Delight'
  • Salvia greggii 'Rose Pink'
  • Salvia greggii 'Ultra violet'
  • Salvia greggii 'Wild Thing'
  • Salvia reptans - West Texas Grass Sage
  • Scutellaria resinosa 'Smokey Hills'
  • Scutellaria 'Violet Cloud'
  • Stachys byzantina (Lamb's Ear)
  • Stachys coccineus 'Mountain Red'
  • Stachys lavandulifolius (Pink Cotton Lambs Ear)
  • Stachys officinalis Hummelo
  • Thalictrum flavum glaucum (Yellow meadow rue)
  • Verbena tenuisecta (Moss Verbena)
  • Yucca recurvifolia (Soft Leaf Yucca)

Ornamental Grasses:

  • Nasella tenuissima (Silky Thread Grass)
  • Blonde Ambition Blue Grama Grass
  • Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'
  • Panicum Virgatum Northwind (Feather Reed Switch Grass)

Just out of this picture to the left are:

  • Chilopsis linearis ‘Monhews’ (Desert willow)
  • Helianthus maximiliana 'Dakota Sunshine'
  • Vitex agnus-castus - actually a tree that the homeowner maintains as a shrub

There are several annuals and perennial bulbs that are under-planted as well:

  • Allium
  • Anemones
  • Linum rubrum (Scarlet Flax)
  • Lobularia maritima (Sweet Alyssum)
  • Lycoris Radiata (Spider Lilies)
  • California Poppy
  • Red Corn Poppy/Flanders Poppy
  • Ranunculus