How To Choose & Plant Tulip Bulbs
Simple, elegant and endlessly variable, Tulips are staples of spring wherever they grow. Here are some guidelines to help you with choosing, planting, and growing Tulip bulbs. Tulips are planted in the fall for a beatufiul display of spring blooms.
How To Choose: Annual and Perennial Tulip Varieties
Officially, Tulips are perennial plants. Originating in the steppes of Central Asia, they evolved at altitude in harsh winters and dry summers. Through hybridizing and the difficulties of matching the original Himalayan climate, the tendency of many tulips to perennialize has diminished.
However, at High Country Gardens, we offer Tulip selections with the strongest perennial features. We carry mostly Darwin Tulips and Perennial Wildflower Tulips, known for the ability to return for years to come, and to spread and naturalize. We also carry annual tulips will generally not return for a second season.
- Darwin Tulips are reliably perennial for up to 3 years (sometimes longer). They are garden stars, with large flowers on sturdy stems.
- Wildflower Tulips, sometimes called Specie Tulips, naturalize well, come back year after year and spread to form colonies of color. They are short, just 4-6 inches tall, but the small flowers open wide to form a carpet of color. They make a great spring border in a perennial bed.
- Emperor Tulips are known for their bright colors, pointed petals, and for their ability to naturalize and return year after year.
- Annual Tulips (sometimes called ‘cutting tulips’) work well for areas that need a splash of color and variety, and are best for areas where you are not looking to make a long-term investment.
How To Plant Tulips
- Tulip bulbs of all types prefer a compost enriched garden loam with good drainage.
- When planting, have a bucket of Yum Yum Mix (or equivalent), compost and good garden soil if needed.
- Plant bulbs 6-8 weeks before frost in the fall, or when the soil temperature is below 60 degrees.
- Plant Darwin Tulips or other large bulb tulips at a depth of 8 inches, wildflower tulips at 4 inches.
- Space large bulbs about 6 inches apart, wildflower bulbs at 7-9 per square foot.
- Dig the soil a few inches below the planting depth to encourage good root growth.
To get a natural look, prepare your planting area to the depth needed with spacing allowance. Scatter the bulbs in the area and plant them as they fall. This will give you a lovely, natural look. Place the pointy end up and cover them with your enriched soil. Water well to encourage good root growth.If you live in an area with dry winters you’ll need to water occasionally, otherwise rest assured your bulbs are growing roots in preparation for spring blooms.
Tips For Growing Tulips
- Tulips like 6-8 hours of sun per day, so be sure to pick a suitably sunny spot.
- Ideal for a water thrifty garden, tulips don’t need to be watered in the summer!
- Most tulips grow well in zones 3-7, although there are exceptions depending upon the type you are planting. In zones 8 and warmer, bulbs need to be pre-chilled in your refrigerator for 10-14 weeks.
- Mulch in the winter if needed.
Caring For Tulips In The Spring
In the spring, when blooms have faded, cut the flower stems back. Let the foliage age to yellow before removing, as this is how the bulb feeds itself. They are the ultimate xeric bulb, so no extra watering needed for the summer.
Whether you enjoy tulips as cut flowers, or as elegant harbingers of spring in the garden, waiting for their arrival at winter’s end is one life’s sweetest pleasures.
Did You Know?
In Europe, in the 1630s, “tulip-mania” swept Holland. One bulb of Tulip Semper Augustus was sold for 10,000 guilders, an amount that could have bought a grand home on the canal and was ten times the yearly income of a craftsman. The madness over tulip bulb contracts and the subsequent crash in prices almost brought the Dutch economy to ruin.
Shop Tulip Bulbs
Watch with amazement as the flowers of this lightly fragrant tulip open yellow and mature to the color of apricot-orange....Learn More
Sunlover Double Late Tulip (Tulipa Sunlover) sports rich, sumptuous oranges flecked with tangerine for color that shouts out across the landscape. Double petaled, almost like a peony...Learn More
Tulip Red Riding Hood (Tulipa greigii ‘Red Riding Hood’) brightens a spring garden with dramatic scarlet blooms. Its 4" wide scarlet flowers reveal a black base and the outside o...Learn MoreRed Riding Hood Rock Garden Tulip Tulipa greigii Red Riding HoodRegular Price $10.99 Sale $7.69Per Bag of 9You save: 30%
Casa Grande Tulip (Tulipa greigii Casa Grande) will ‘WOW’ tulip lovers with its huge bright red blooms in early-spring. Variegated purple and green foliage increase the appeal of...Learn MoreCasa Grande Rock Garden Tulip Tulipa greigii Casa GrandeRegular Price $10.99 Sale $7.69Per Bag of 9You save: 30%
Darwin Tulip Tequila Sunrise Mix is a standout blend of brightly colored perennial tulips. Easily add eye-popping color to your spring garden. Perfect for cut flowers....Learn MoreTequila Sunrise Darwin Tulip Mix Tulipa Tequila Sunrise Darwin MixRegular Price $9.99 Sale $6.49Per Bag of 10You save: 35%
Red Emperor Tulip is one of the worlds most popular tulips because of its deep fiery red flowers in mid-spring that return earch year. Tulipa fosteriana Red is a perennial tulip tha...Learn More
Plant Double Late Tulip Mix and you'll get big, double-petaled tulips in April. This colorful mix of purple, pink and white Tulip (Tulipa) flowers resemble peonies. Showy and unusua...Learn More
Purple Prince Single Early Tulips (Tulipa) have scalloped edges and violet purple flowers. One of the easiest bulbs to grow, they bloom early in the spring and look lovely with early...Learn MorePurple Prince Single Early Tulip Tulipa Purple PrinceAs low as $9.99 Sale $7.49Per Bag of 10
By Katrina Godshalk. © All articles are copyrighted by High Country Gardens. Republishing an entire High Country Gardens article or blog post is prohibited without written permission. Please feel free to share a short excerpt with a link back to the article on social media websites, such as Facebook and Pinterest.