Growing Tulips: Planting Tulip Bulbs
Simple, elegant and endlessly variable, Tulips are staples of spring wherever they grow. Here are some guidelines to help you with growing, choosing and planting tulip bulbs.
How To Choose Tulip Varieties
Officially tulips are perennial plants. Originating in the steppes of Central Asia they evolved at altitude in harsh winters and dry summers. Through hybridizing and the difficulties of matching the original Himalayan climate, the tendency of many tulips to perennialize has diminished.
Most High Country Gardens tulip selections are chosen because they represent the strongest perennial type tulips. Darwin tulips are reliably perennial for up to 3 years (sometimes longer). Large flowers on sturdy stems, they are garden stars.
Perennial Wildflower Tulips
Diminutive wildflower tulips, sometimes called specie tulips, naturalize well, come back year after year and spread to form colonies of color. They are short, just 4-6 inches tall, but the small flowers open wide to form a carpet of color. They make a great spring border in a perennial bed.
Annual Cutting Tulips
Annual tulips (sometimes called ‘cutting tulips’) work well for areas that need a splash of color and variety.
Tulips like 6-8 hours of sun per day, so be sure to pick a suitably sunny spot. Ideal for a water thrifty garden, tulips don’t need to be watered in the summer! Most tulips grow well in zones 3-7, although there are exceptions depending upon the type you are planting. In zones 8 and warmer, bulbs need to be pre-chilled in your refrigerator for 10-14 weeks. Mulch in the winter if needed.
Planting Tulip Bulbs
Tulip bulbs of all types prefer a compost enriched garden loam with good drainage. When planting, have a bucket of Yum Yum Mix (or equivalent), compost and good garden soil if needed. Plant bulbs 6-8 weeks before frost in the fall, or when the soil temperature is below 60 degrees. Plant Darwin Tulips or other large bulb tulips at a depth of 8 inches, wildflower tulips at 4 inches.
Space large bulbs about 6 inches apart, wildflower bulbs at 7-9 per square foot. Dig the soil a few inches below the planting depth to encourage good root growth.
To get a natural look, prepare your planting area to the depth needed with spacing allowance. Scatter the bulbs in the area and plant them as they fall. This will give you a lovely, natural look. Place the pointy end up and cover them with your enriched soil. Water well to encourage good root growth.If you live in an area with dry winters you’ll need to water occasionally, otherwise rest assured your bulbs are growing roots in preparation for spring blooms.
Blue Moon Triumph Tulip Mix is more on the purple side than true blue, but a real show-stopper nonetheless. You get a stunning combination of deep dark purple tulips, bluish lilac-pu...Learn MoreBlue Moon Triumph Tulip Mix Tulipa Blue Moon MixtureRegular Price $38.99 Sale $35.09Per Bag of 50You save: 10%
Purple Prince Single Early Tulips (Tulipa) have scalloped edges and violet purple flowers. One of the easiest bulbs to grow, they bloom early in the spring and look lovely with early...Learn MorePurple Prince Single Early Tulip Tulipa Purple PrinceAs low as $9.99 Sale $8.99Per Bag of 10
Wildflower Tulip Bulbs Mix (Tulipa humilis) is a specialty blend of colorful perennial wildflower tulips that bloom in early to mid-spring. Small in height (only 4-6" tall), this tul...Learn More
Little Princess Wildflower Tulip is multi-colored a multi-colored beauty of reddish orange, primrose yellow, burnt orange and gold. A striking hybrid has excellent vigor and blooms h...Learn MoreLittle Princess Wilflower Tulip Tulipa Little PrincessRegular Price $11.99 Sale $10.79Per Bag of 15You save: 10%
Lilac Wonder Tulip is an unusual and distinctive wildflower tulip with gorgeous mauve-pink petals surrounding a soft yellow center. A long lived, vigorous grower....Learn MoreLilac Wonder Wildflower Tulip Tulipa bakeri Lilac WonderRegular Price $10.49 Sale $9.44Per Bag of 15You save: 10%
Persian Pearl Wildflower Tulip has showy purple-red petals and a bright yellow center. Like most of the wildflower tulips, Tulipa humilis Persian Pearl multiplies itself readily....Learn MorePersian Pearl Wildflower Tulip Tulipa humilis Persian PearlRegular Price $10.99 Sale $9.89Per Bag of 15You save: 10%
Tarda Tulip is a very showy star-shaped wildflower tulip that opens to reveal a bright yellow center and white tips. This tulip naturalizes easily, meaning it will multiply and sprea...Learn More
Lady Jane Specie Tulip blooms are rosy reddish-pink, edged in white and the flowers open to a white interior giving this variety a delightful candy cane look....Learn MoreLady Jane Candlestick Tulip Tulipa clusiana Lady JaneRegular Price $12.99 Sale $11.69Per Bag of 15You save: 10%
Oxford Darwin Tulip (Tulipa Oxford) has long-lasting dark red flowers on strong stems with a black and golden yellow base. It makes a wonderful cut flower and pairs well with Daffodi...Learn More
The Classic Container Collection is a gorgeous collection of fall-planted bulbs that combine beautifully, with pink, yellow and blue blooms in mid-spring. The collection includes 39 ...Learn More
Red Emperor Tulip is one of the worlds most popular tulips because of its deep fiery red flowers in mid-spring that return earch year. Tulipa fosteriana Red is a perennial tulip tha...Learn More
Tubergen's Gem Tulip (Tulipa clusiana Bulbs) is a hardy species tulip with dark yellow and red petals, sometimes called a Candlestick Tulip. Typically blooming in mid to late March,...Learn MoreTubergen's Gem Specie Tulip (Candlestick Tulip) Tulipa clusiana Tubergen's GemRegular Price $12.99 Sale $11.69Per Bag of 20You save: 10%
Caring For Tulips In The Spring
In the spring, when blooms have faded, cut the flower stems back. Let the foliage age to yellow before removing, as this is how the bulb feeds itself. They are the ultimate xeric bulb, so no extra watering needed for the summer.
Whether you enjoy tulips as cut flowers, or as elegant harbingers of spring in the garden, waiting for their arrival at winter’s end is one life’s sweetest pleasures.
DID YOU KNOW >>
In Europe, in the 1630s, “tulip-mania” swept Holland. One bulb of Tulip Semper Augustus was sold for 10,000 guilders, an amount that could have bought a grand home on the canal and was ten times the yearly income of a craftsman. The madness over tulip bulb contracts and the subsequent crash in prices almost brought the Dutch economy to ruin.
By Katrina Godshalk. © All articles are copyrighted by High Country Gardens. Republishing an entire High Country Gardens article or blog post is prohibited without written permission. Please feel free to share a short excerpt with a link back to the article on social media websites, such as Facebook and Pinterest.