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Agave neomexicana

New Mexico Century Plant

New Mexico Century plant is a very cold hardy species with thick succulent silver gray leaves. The attractive foliage is edged with dark burgundy spines. Drought resistant/drought tolerant plant (xeric).

Shipping: Shipping begins in early September, coldest zones first. Buy now and we'll ship your order at the ideal planting time for your region.

SKU: 12734R

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Availability: Out of stock

Plant - 5" deep pot
White Agave neomexicana, Agave neomexicana, New Mexico Century Plant
Additional Information
SKU 12734R
Common Name New Mexico Century Plant
Botanical Name Agave neomexicana
Zones 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Light Requirements Full Sun
Flower Color White
Mature Height 18-24" tall
Mature Spread 24-30" wide
Bloom Time Late spring to late summer
Ships As Potted Plant
Evergreen Yes
Native Yes
Planting Season Fall
Soil Type Sandy Soil, Average Soil
Soil Moisture Waterwise
Amount of Rain 10 to 20", 20 to 30", Less than 10" (with irrigation)
Advantages Deer Resistant, Evergreen, Attract Hummingbirds, Rabbit Resistant, Adds Texture
Ideal Region Coastal California, Hot Desert, Western Only
Neonicotinoid-Free Yes - Learn More
Details
18-24" tall x 24-30" wide (seed propagated). Native to southeastern New Mexico, this is one of our most cold hardy Agave species. The main rosette of foliage is large, heavily armed with dark burgundy spines and often spouts smaller "suckers" around its base. When the plant matures sufficiently to bloom (after many years of slow growth), it sends up a huge 12-15' tall flowering spike that will attract hummingbirds from miles around.
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Planting Guides

Tips for Growing Cacti and Succulents

Cacti shipped early in the spring may be dormant. As the weather warms, these cacti will expand and green-up. Remember, after an initial watering to settle the soil around the roots, no further water should be applied until the weather warms up. If plants are dormant and the spring weather is rainy, protect the plants from too much moisture by covering them with a gallon plastic milk container with the bottom cut out. Leave the top off the jug so heat build up isn’t excessive in sunny weather.

Soil Preparation

All the species of hardy cacti and succulents require fast-draining soil.

Planting in the ground

Put the plants on a slope or raised area of the garden, not in a low spot which collects water. Select a bed with full sun exposure, preferably next to a south or west facing wall. These areas will provide extra winter warmth. In heavy clay soils, it is essential to replace half or more of the soil from a 10”x 10” or larger hole with coarse sand and gravel mixed thoroughly with the remaining soil to insure adequate drainage. No compost should be added, only a small handful of Planters II and Yum Yum Mix®.

Planting in an outdoor pot or planter

Use a planting mix of 3 parts garden soil + 2 parts coarse sand + 2 parts coarse perlite (or similar material). When growing plants indoors in pots, use a good quality potting soil to mix with the sand, and expanded shale instead of garden soil.

Planting Instructions

1. Cacti, agaves, and tap-rooted succulents (Aloinopsis, Titanopsis, Nananthus) should be transplanted bare-root. Let the soil in the pot dry out for a few days. Then remove the pot and gently loosen the soil so it falls away from the roots. Trim off any broken roots. Bare root plants should then be planted into a shallow hole. Spread out the roots evenly and sprinkle the soil into the hole until full. The base of the plant should rest on top of the soil. Mulch with a 1⁄2”-1” thick layer of pea-sized gravel around the base of the plant to protect it from contact with soggy soil over the winter months. (See planting diagram on page 12 of our Planting Guide.)

2. Succulents with fibrous roots (Ruschia, Delosperma, Sedums and others) need not be transplanted bare-root, instead the root ball should be scored and roughed out like other perennials.

Watering

1. Bare-root cacti and tap-rooted succulents must not be watered right away, but should sit dry for a day or two to allow the roots to callus over any broken or damaged areas. Other succulents can be watered in right away. Water thoroughly with a mixture of SeaCom-PGR and Superthrive to stimulate strong new root growth. Water again with this mixture two weeks later.

2. Outdoor beds with new plants should be initially watered once every 5 to 7 days for the first month or so after transplanting. Cacti and succulents enjoy regular watering during the heat of the summer and will grow vigorously. After the first year, most cacti species need a good soaking only once every 2-4 weeks during the spring and summer if there has been no rain.

3. Potted plants require more frequent, regular watering, especially if the weather is hot and dry.

4. To prepare cacti and succulents for the approach of winter, begin withholding water in the fall so the plants can begin to dehydrate and shrivel. Plump, well watered plants are ripe for cold damage when temperatures plunge in late fall/early winter.

Fertilizing

Cacti and succulents are very modest in their fertilizer requirements. When planted in the ground, fertilizing in spring with SeaCom-PGR and Yum Yum Mix® will encourage plentiful flowers and good stem growth. When planted in pots, remember to feed monthly with the same mixture as above, beginning in late summer.

Winter Protection

Garden plants: Many cacti and succulents are quite cold hardy if kept dry in the cold winter and spring months. In areas that receive a lot of winter and spring moisture (especially rain), it is strongly recommended that plants be protected from cold, wet soil conditions. For example, a temporary cold frame can be constructed using pipe or PVC hoops covered with a clear plastic sheet to cover the entire bed. Or individual plants can be covered with plastic gallon milk jugs with the bottom cut out to keep the ground around the plants dry. Leave the top o the jug so heat build up isn’t excessive in sunny weather. Problems will occur if plants are in wet soil all winter or sit under melting snow for extended periods.

Potted plants: Should be moved under a roof overhang on the south or west side of the house or placed in a well ventilated cold frame. Water pots and other containers lightly a few times over the winter during warm spells.

All our cacti, agaves and succulents are seed-grown or cutting-grown in our greenhouses. Cacti and agave plants are 2-4 years old; succulents are 1-2 years old. Please, never collect cacti from the wild unless it’s to rescue plants from construction sites. Many species are close to extinction in their native habitats due to irresponsible collectors.


View or download our complete Planting Guide (pdf) for tips on caring for your plants when you receive your order, as well as planting instructions for Perennials, Spring-Planted Bulbs, Fall-Planted Bulbs, Cacti & Succulents, Xeric Plants and more.
Shipping

Our Standard Plant Shipping is 3 Days!

Plant Shipping: Buy now and we will ship your order at the ideal planting time for your region. Your plant orders are scheduled to arrive within 3 days or less of leaving our greenhouses. This prompt delivery is provided without additional express charges.

Grass Plugs & Seed: Most orders ship within 5-8 business days (all zones).

Gardening Goods:All non-plant items ship within 2-3 days.

Standard shipping costs are $4.99 and up, depending on the size of the order.

Make Fast Even Faster: For ‘Rush’ same week delivery, please call customer service at 800-925-9387.

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